A treasure trove of acids for economic growth

Author: Svetlana SYRITSKAYA - "Rural Newspaper" / № 40 (21477) / 08.04.2021 /
English Translation: DeepL Translate
Grigorii PEREKHOD, head of the production section of ALC "Agrosemproduct"
Head of the production department of the ALC "Agrosemproduct".
Sapropel "Udhovda" deposit is rich in nutrients: the content of humic and fulvic acids in dry matter reaches 63.4 percent. In complex combination with fulvic acid they form a unique bioavailable complex containing more than 70 different components of minerals, more than 20 amino acids, fatty acids, natural saccharides and antioxidants - and this is only a partial list.

With a competent approach, all these properties can be used in agriculture and thus ensure the growth of production indicators. Moreover, sapropel is a domestic raw material, cheap and available.

One of the deposits is located in the Pruzhany region. The extracted raw material is of unique quality - there are no analogues in Belarus with such a high content of active substances. Extraction and processing of organomineral substance is carried out by ALC "Agrosemprodukt".
— Today, various reserves are used to improve the efficiency of agriculture: technology is improved, probiotics, vitamins, minerals, all kinds of feed additives are purchased in large quantities. But this pleasure is not cheap: the average price for the same premixes of acceptable quality - from 10 thousand dollars in the equivalent per ton. However, if we take the vitamin and mineral composition as a basis, there is a worthy and affordable alternative - sapropel feed additive, which tentatively costs 100 dollars per ton. It is added to the composition of feed and can replace 1.2 to 6 percent of the grain, depending on who it is fed to - birds, pigs or cattle. Taking into account the average market price of grain is about 250 dollars in the equivalent per ton, the economy on the scale of not only one farm, but the entire agricultural complex just for this position is very significant. This is confirmed by the results of tests of sapropelic feed additives carried out by Belarusian livestock scientists in 2020,
Grigorii Perekhod
The tests carried out by the Republican Unitary Enterprise "Scientific and Research Center of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus on Animal Husbandry" showed high efficiency of Sapropel additives: as soon as they were introduced into the ration, there was an increase in milk yield, the average daily gain of cattle weight increased. This was also due to improved feed conversion.

It is no secret that soybean, rapeseed or sunflower meal is assimilated by only 50 percent. With the addition of Sapropel, protein digestibility reaches 70-75 percent.

After one month of research, it was proved that metabolic energy consumption per one kilogram of milk decreased by 7-12% and crude protein consumption - by 5-9%. At the same time, herd productivity increased by 10-15% and milk fat and protein content increased. Cases of mastitis were reduced by 96 percent and the number of somatic cells in milk decreased by 3.5 times.
— Several years ago, experiments were conducted at the pig-breeding complex of the Rechitsa KHP. For three months some of the animals were fed with sapropel in one room and with expensive additives in the other. In the first case the use of veterinary preparations was practically three times less and the preservation of the animals was close to the maximum value, unlike in the second group where the index was lower. The secret is that humic acids stimulate the body's defenses and improve the immune function of animals. Finally, Sapropel is a powerful sorbent that has the unique ability to bind and excrete naturally occurring pathogens or heavy metals that would otherwise cause either death or illness in animals. The humic acids contained in Sapropel feed additive stimulate the formation of propionic acid, which subsequently synthesizes 60 percent of glucose. The concentration of isobutyric and isovaleric acids is significantly reduced. At the same time, the concentration of ammonia decreases. These results are confirmed by Belarusian animal husbandry scientists. As a result, everything depends on the therapeutic and preventive properties of humic acids, which can coat the intestinal mucosa and reduce or completely prevent the absorption of toxic metabolic products after an infection or when feeding poor-quality fodder,
Grigorii Perekhod
Traditionally, drum dryers are used to process sapropel. However, this does not take into account the content of bound moisture. As a result - degradation of vitamins, minerals, i.e. all the value is lost.

To avoid this, ALC "Agrosemproduct" uses vertical dryers. The point is that the supplied heat is regulated by an air mixer and goes sparingly into the drying chamber, where the temperature does not exceed 140 degrees. This allows not to destroy nutrients and at the same time to effectively carry out drying to a certain level of humidity.

Therefore, sapropel from ALC "Agrosemproduct" has not only high quality, but also unique properties, which literally work wonders.


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